Varicoceles occur in about 15 percent of all men between the ages of 15 and 35 years. A varicocele is a varicose (dilated, or swollen) vein in the scrotum caused by defective or absent valves in the vessels of the scrotom. They can cause pain and swelling of the testicles or may cause no symptoms at all.
Because varicoceles may affect a man's fertility and ability to produce sperm, a physician may discover a varicocele during a fertility workup.
Once a varicocele is found, tests using painless ultrasound imaging may be performed to determine the size and position of the vessels involved. After evaluation, your physician will discuss with you the best treatment option for your individual condition. At one time surgery was the only option, however, a minimally invasive technique, called varicocele embolization, can be performed painlessly in an outpatient setting. The procedure uses a stainless steel coil to block blood flow to the dilated vessels in the varicocele.
The procedure is performed by placing a catheter in the affected vessel and deploying the coil in the targeted area. The actual procedure is performed in an outpatient setting under moderate sedation. Your stay with us is about 3 hours and you can expect to be back to work in 48 hours. Most patients are completely recovered within 3 days and experience only mild discomfort. Our patients experience a 95 percent success rate and usually require no further intervention.